Unit Eight
Study on Quizlet: Unit 8

  1. affluence (n.) wealth, riches, prosperity; great abundance, plenty
  2. arrears (n.) unpaid or overdue debts; an unfinished duty
  3. cascade (n.) a steep, narrow waterfall; something falling or rushing forth in quantity; (v.) to flow downward (like a waterfall)
  4. cringe (v.) to shrink back or hide in fear or submissiveness
  5. crotchety (adj.) cranky, illl-tempered; full of odd whims 
  6. immobile (adj.) not movable; not moving
  7. impassable (adj.) blocked so that nothing can go through
  8. innovation (n.) something new, a change; the act of introducing a new method, idea, device, etc.
  9. jovial (adj.) good-humored, in high spirits; merry
  10. manacle (n.) a handcuff, anything that chains or confines; (v.) to chain or restrain (as with handcuffs)
  11. martial (adj.) warlike, fond of fighting; relating to war, the army, or military life
  12. minimum (n.) the smalled possible amount; (adj.) the lowest permissible or possible 
  13. nimble (adj.) quick and skillful in movement, agile; clever
  14. onset (n.) the beginning, start (especially of something violent and destructive); an attack, assault
  15. partition (n.) something that divides (such as a wall); the act of dividing something into parts or sections; (v.) to divide or subdivide into parts or shares
  16. perishable (adj.) likely to spoil or decay
  17. retrieve (v.) to find and bring back, get back; to put right, make good
  18. sinister (adj.) appearing evil or dangerous; threatening evil or harm
  19. taut (adj.) tightly drawn, tense; neat, in good order
  20. template (n.) a pattern, typically in form of metal, wood, or plastic; something that is used as a model to imitate

Unit Seven
Study on Quizlet: Unit 7

  1. authorize (v.) to approve or permit; to give power or authority to
  2. culprit (n.) a person who has committed a crime or is guilty of some misconduct; an offender
  3. dawdle (v.) to waste time; to be idle; to spend more time in doing something than is necessary 
  4. dissect (v.) to cut apart in preparation for scientific study; to analyze with great care
  5. expend (v.) to pay out, spend; to use up
  6. fatality (n.) an event resulting in death; an accidental death 
  7. gullible (adj.) easily fooled, tricked, or cheated
  8. illicit (adj.) not permitted, unlawful, improper
  9. immerse (v.) to plunge or dip into a fluid; to involve deeply
  10. inflammatory (adj.) causing excitement or anger; leading to unrest, violence, or disorder 
  11. memorandum (n.) a note to aid one's memory; an informal note or report
  12. pathetic (adj.) marked by strong emotion, especially pity and sorrow; able to move people emotionally; worthy of pity; woefully inadequate or lacking
  13. persevere (v.) to keep doing something in spite of difficulties; to refuse to quit even when the going is tough
  14. prevaricate (v.) to lie, tell an untruth; to mislead on purpose 
  15. quash (v.) to crush, put down completely
  16. relish (n.) enjoyment or satisfaction; something that adds a pleasing flavor; (v.) to enjoy greatly
  17. reminisce (v.) to recall one's past thoughts, feelings, or experiences
  18. scour (v.) to clean or polish by hard rubbing; to examine with great care; to move about quickly in search of
  19. testimonial (n.) a statement that speaks to a person's character or to the benefits of a product; expressing the value and worth of someone or something
  20. writhe (v.) to make twisting or turning movements in a way that suggests pain or struggle 

  Units 4-6 Vocabulary Review

Unit Six

Study on Quizlet: Unit 6


  1. agenda (n.) the program for a meeting; a list, outline, or plan of things to be considered or done
  2. amiable (adj.) friendly, good-natured
  3. befuddle (v.) to confuse, make stupid
  4. blight (n.) a disease that causes plants to wither and die; a condition of disease or ruin; (v.) to destroy, ruin
  5. boisterous (adj.) rough and noisy in a cheerful way; high spirited
  6. clarity (n.) clearness, accuracy
  7. compliant (adj.) willing to do what someone else wants; obedient
  8. conserve (v.) to preserve; to keep from being damaged, lost, or wasted; to save
  9. debut (n.) the first public appearance; a formal entrance into society; (v.) to make a first appearance
  10. gory (adj.) marked by bloodshed, slaughter, or violence
  11. gross (adj.) coarse, vulgar; very noticeable; total; overweight; (n.) an overall total (without deductions); twelve dozen; (v.) to earn
  12. induce (v.) to cause, bring about; to persuade
  13. leeway (n.) extra space for moving along a certain route; allowance for mistakes or inaccuracies; margin of error
  14. limber (adj.) flexible; (v.) to cause to become flexible
  15. maze (n.) a network of paths through which it is hard to find one's way; something very mixed-up and confusing
  16. oracle (n.) someone or something that can predict the future; someone who gives astute answers or advice that seems authoritative
  17. partisan (n.) a strong supporter of a person, party, or cause; one whose support is unreasoning; a resistance fighter guerrilla; (adj.) strongly supporting one side only
  18. reimburse (v.) to pay back; to give payment for
  19. vacate (v.) to go away from, leave empty; to make empty; to void, annul
  20. vagabond (n.) an idle wanderer; (adj.) wandering; irresponsible


Unit Five
Study on Quizlet: Unit 5

  1. acute (adj.) with a sharp point; keen and alert; sharp and severe; rising quickly to a high point and lasting for a short time
  2. bluster (v.) to talk or act in a noisy and threatening way; to blow in stormy gusts; (n.) speech that is loud and threatening
  3. bungle (v.) to act or work clumsily and awkwardly; to ruin something through clumsiness
  4. commentary (n.) a series of notes clarifying or explaining something; an expression of opinion
  5. duration (n.) the length of time that something continues or lasts
  6. eerie (adj.) causing fear because of strangeness; weird, mysterious
  7. facet (n.) one aspect or side of a subject or problem, one of the cut surfaces of a gem
  8. fidelity (n.) the state of being faithful; accuracy in details, exactness
  9. fray (n.) a brawl, a noisy quarrel; (v.) to wear away by rubbing; make ragged or worn; to strain, irritate
  10. headstrong (adj.) willful, stubborn
  11. inhabitant (n.) one living permanently in a given place
  12. numb (adj.) having lost the power of feeling or movement; (v.) to dull the feelings of; to cause to lose feeling
  13. pacify (v.) to make peaceful or calm; to soothe
  14. ravenous (adj.) greedy; very hungry; eager for satisfaction
  15. refute (v.) to prove incorrect
  16. remorse (n.) deep and painful regret for one's past misdeeds; pangs of conscience
  17. setback (n.) something that interferes with progress; a disappointment, unexpected loss or defeat; a step-like recession in a wall
  18. smug (adj.) overly self-satisfied, self-righteous
  19. synopsis (n.) a brief statement giving a general view or some subject, book, etc.; a summary
  20. tarry (v.) to delay leaving; to linger, wait; to remain or stay for a while

Unit Four
Study on Quizlet: Unit 4


  1. acquit (v.) to declare not guilty, free from blame, discharge completely; to conduct or behave oneself
  2. deem (v.) to think, believe; to consider, have an opinion
  3. devastate (v.) to destroy, lay waste, leave in ruins
  4. discredit (v.) to throw doubt upon, cause to be distrusted; to damage in reputation; (n.) a loss or lack of belief, confidence, or reputation
  5. elusive (adj.) difficult to catch or to hold; hard to explain or understand
  6. generate (v.) to bring into existence; to be the cause of
  7. idolize (v.) to worship as an idol, make an idol of; to love very much
  8. ingratitude (n.) a lack of thankfulness
  9. keepsake (n.) something kept in memory of the giver; a souvenir
  10. mortal (n.) a being that must eventually die; (adj.) of or relating to such a being; causing death, fatal; possible, conceivable
  11. ovation (n.) an enthusiastic public welcome, an outburst of applause
  12. petty (adj.) unimportant, trivial; narrow-minded; secondary in rank, minor
  13. plight (n.) a sorry condition or state; (v.) to pledge, promise solemnly
  14. repent (v.) to feel sorry for what one has done or has failed to do
  15. reverie (n.) a daydream; the condition of being lost in thought
  16. revocation (n.) an act or instance of calling back, an annulment, cancellation
  17. scan (v.) to examine closely; to look over quickly but thoroughly; to analyze the rhythm of a poem; (n.) an examination
  18. strand (n.) a beach or shore; a string of wire, hair, etc; (v.) to drive or run aground; to leave in a hopeless position
  19. strife (n.) bitter disagreement; fighting, struggle
  20. topple (v.) to fall forward; to overturn, bring about the downfall of


Study on Quizlet: Units 1-3 Review

Unit Three
Study on Quizlet: Unit 3


  1. barrage (n.) a rapid, large-scale outpouring of something
  2. bigot (n.) an intolerant, prejudiced, or biased person
  3. designate (v.) to indicate, point out; to appoint; (adj.) selected but not yet installed
  4. diversity (n.) difference, variety; a condition of having many different types or forms
  5. enigma (n.) someone or something that is extremely puzzling; that which cannot be understood or explained
  6. gloat (v.) to look at or think about with great intensity and satisfaction to take great personal joy in
  7. global (adj.) of, relating to, or involving the entire world; comprehensive
  8. illusion (n.) a false idea; something that one seems to see or to be aware of that really does not exist
  9. infuriate (v.) to make very angry, enrage
  10. motivate (v.) to provide with a reason for doing; to push on to some goal
  11. pacifist (n.) one who is against war or the use of violence; (adj.) opposing war or violence
  12. queue (n.) a line of people waiting for something (such as a bus); (v.) to form such a line
  13. restrict (v.) to keep within set limits; to confine
  14. sage (adj.) wise; (n.) a very wise person
  15. slake (v.) to satisfy, relieve, or bring to an end
  16. terrain (n.) the landscape, especially its physical features or fitness for some use; a field of knowledge
  17. vocation (n.) any trade, profession, or occupation; a sense of fitness or special calling for one's work
  18. vow (n.) a solemn or sacred promise or pledge; (v.) to declare or promise in a solemn way
  19. waylay (v.) to lie in wait for attack, ambush
  20. wither (v.) to dry up, wilt, sag; to cause someone to feel ashamed, humiliated, or very small


Unit Two
Study on Quizlet: Unit 2

  1. adverse (adj.) unfavorable, negative; working against; hostile
  2. arid (adj.) extremely dry; uninteresting, dull
  3. assailant (n.) a person who attacks violently (with blows or words)
  4. billow (n.)  a large wave; (v.) to rise or swell like a wave
  5. confront (v.) to meet face-to-face, especially as a challenge; come to grips with
  6. constrain (v.) to force, compel; to restrain, hold back
  7. contemporary (adj.)  belonging to the same period of time as oneself; (n.) a person of the same time
  8. depict (v.) to portray; to represent or show in the form of a picture
  9. disinterested (adj.) fair-minded, free from selfish motives; indifferent
  10. encompass (v.) to encircle, go or reach around; to enclose; to include with a certain group or class
  11. groundless (adj.) without any good reason or cause, unjustified
  12. hypocrite (n.) a person who pretends to be what he or she is not or better than he or she really is; a two-faced person
  13. incomprehensible (adj.) impossible to understand
  14. manipulate (v.) to handle or use skillfully; to manage or control for personal gain or advantage
  15. maximum (n.) the greatest possible amount or degree; (adj.) reaching the greatest possible amount or degree
  16. mimic (n.) a person who does imitations; (v.) to imitate; to make fun of
  17. ruffle (v.) to wrinkle, make uneven; to annoy, upset; to flip through; (n.) material used for trimming edges; a ripple; a low drumbeat.
  18. serene (adj.) peaceful, calm; free of emotional upset; clear and free of storm; majestic, grand
  19. sheepish (adj.) embarrassed; resembling a sheep in meekness, timid
  20. stamina (n.) the strength needed to keep going or overcome physical or mental strain; staying power


Unit One
Study on Quizlet: Unit 1

  1. apparel (n.) clothing, that which serves as dress or decoration; (v.) to put clothes on, dress up.
  2. besiege (v.) to attack by surrounding with military forces; to cause worry or trouble.
  3. compress (v.) to press together; to reduce in size or volume; (n.) a folded cloth or pad applied to an injury. 
  4. denounce (v.) to condemn openly; to accuse formally
  5. dispatch (v.) to send off or out for a purpose; to kill; (n.) an official message; promptness, speed; the act of killing.
  6. douse (v.) to plunge into liquid, drench; to put out quickly, extinguish.
  7. expressly (adv.) plainly, in so many words; for a particular purpose.
  8. famished (adj., part.) suffering severely from hunger or lack of something.
  9. forsake (v.) to give up, renounce; to leave, abandon. 
  10. gainful (adj.) profitable; bringing in money or some special advantage.
  11. immense (adj.) very large or great; beyond ordinary means of measurement.
  12. inept (adj.) totally without skill or appropriateness.
  13. ingenious (adj.) showing remarkable originality, inventiveness, or resourcefulness; clever.
  14. instantaneous (adj.) done in an instant; immediate.
  15. irk (v.) to annoy, trouble, make weary.
  16. libel (n.) a written statement that unfairly or falsely harms the reputation of the person about whom it is made; (v.) to write or publish a statement.
  17. misgiving (n.) a feeling of fear, doubt, or uncertainty.
  18. oaf (n.) a stupid person; a big, clumsy, slow individual.
  19. recede (v.) to go or move backward; to become more distant.
  20. repast (n.) a meal, food